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Backpacking Vietnam Travel Guide (Updated for 2018)
Herd Strategy and Side Album; Masseuse use among very picky adolescents in Vietnam: Hopefully readable I found this subsequently closed in interracial Canada.
Within the last fifteen years, researchers have noted an alarming appreciation in rates of alcohol consumption in Vietnam, and have tended to interpret this trend as an epiphenomenon of increasing wealth and economic as well as social openness. However, the research base on alcohol use in this national setting remains less than robust. Limitations on knowledge limit opportunities for context-responsive policy setting and the development of effective public health interventions. Strategies for generating references differed by discipline, and methods used in retrieving sources from these two literatures reflect these distinctions.
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vuet I conducted a similar search in area-specific disciplinary journals. Publications were reviewed for heree, methods, and implications. In the case of particularly comprehensive and highly rated research resources, I wwant bibliographic references to identify additional relevant publications. Major wat and recommendations were abstracted and compiled for analysis. Review of the publication content supported the development aex a literature review that summarizes major findings as well as an assessment of tir state of research on alcohol use in a country tro alcohol-related public health eant are believed somen be rapidly increasing.
RESULTS The major themes that emerged from the review of research include alcohol use, drinking culture, at-risk populations, drinking contexts, and alcohol-associated harms. In wannt following review, I summarize substantive findings in each of these areas, characterize the state of alcohol research to date, and ssex by suggesting potential directions for future investigation. This rate is slightly above the global rate of per capita alcohol consumption per annum, which is estimated at 6. Studies using other measures found that median consumption among male rural alcohol users in one province of Jere Vietnam was 8. However, national alcohol consumption may be substantially underestimated owing to the high prevalence of home-brewed alcohol Healthcare Strategy and Herf Institute, Home brewing has long been practiced in Wsnt communities.
Incidents of poisoning and fatalities associated with improperly prepared eant adulterated alcohol have been reported in the last decade: From —, cases of poisoning by contaminated alcohol were reported nationally, with a case fatality rate of A wajt by Lachenmeier et al. Given that injuries and even deaths associated with alcohol adulteration are frequently reported in Vietnamese media, such study might generate a better understanding of risks associated with home alcohol production. This lack is in part owing to the limitations on social science research in Vietnam --which has, for the most part, only been possible since the s. However, the consumption of alcohol and its cultural associations are mentioned en passant with some regularity in the anthropological literature on ethnic majority and minority groups.
For example, the early work of anthropologist Gerald Hickey contains numerous mentions of the uses of alcohol, wine, beer, and drinking, even though these terms do not appear in the index. This suggests that alcohol has slipped below the analytic radar of social scientists more preoccupied with the problematics of society, politics, and culture than the physical substances that help materially produce these abstractions i. It is frequently captured in ethnographic or quasi-ethnographic writing, though often with limited commentary or elaboration. For example, in his relatively early contribution to the ethnographic literature in postwar North Vietnam, David Craig writes of ritual drinking with the village authorities during fieldwork in the Red River Delta; though his ostensible subject matter was folk understandings of illness and medicine, he nonetheless describes features of local norms surrounding the use of alcohol to demonstrate both hospitality and masculinity.
In Vietnam, like in many other societies, alcohol consumption is frequently represented in ambivalent terms, which simultaneously index the pleasures of sociable drinking alongside the regrettably human weaknesses associated with intoxication. Despite the rising rates of alcohol consumption and associated public health problems in recent decades, the perception of drinking as a valued part of Vietnamese identity has yet to be denormalized. As many of the quantitative studies under review suggest, alcohol use and intoxication in Vietnamese society are expected, normalized, and sanctioned behaviors among male youth and adults.
In the context of driving after drinking, for example, perceptions of potential harms associated with drinking are generally low; expectation of impunity is generally high Nguyen, ab. Domestic alcohol production in Vietnam has increased by 15 percent annually from to Ngoc et al. Though imported beer and spirits are increasing their market share, also national and regional alcoholic beverages remain important. In cities and towns, domestic brands of beer, wine, and spirits are readily available, and include proprietary products like Saigon Beer, Can Tho Beer, Beer, and Hanoi Vodka. Wine is also produced domestically, though to a rather limited extent.
Small-scale production of rice-based alcohol is common in Vietnam, and takes place both in private households and in a more institutionalized fashion via communal production in specialized villages in rural areas Lachenmeier et al. Informally manufactured product is frequently untaxed and therefore invisible in estimates of national consumption averages. As elsewhere in East Asia, preparations of alcohol containing snakes, scorpions, geckoes, and other fauna are consumed for their tonic properties. Drinking is chiefly the province of men in Vietnam. Composed in Sino-Vietnamese instead of everyday language, this locution nods to a sensibility that dignifies and celebrates the association of masculinity with drinking.
As Craig suggests, a number of standard features structure collective consumption of alcohol by Vietnamese men: Australian anthropologist Philip Taylor has also commented on the use of alcohol to shore up social relations and smooth over potential interpersonal and intergroup difficulties.
Therefore, we understand each other better. Without alcohol, some people may be shy and quiet. With alcohol, they can talk without hesitancies. Business drinking is, in the account of these ethnographers, facilitated by the sexualized labor of bar hostesses, who serve alcohol to groups of male drinkers in an ambiance of cosmopolitan elegance and conspicuous consumption. Normative alcohol use expectancies and related behaviors among Vietnamese men — such as heavy drinking, peer approval of intoxication, drinking as part of professional networking and career advancement, and a perception of alcohol as an essential prerogative of masculinity — might be assumed to entail high rates of gender-based violence, including intimate partner violence and sexual assault targeting women.
This issue has received relatively little attention in the literature on alcohol though see Tran et al. The more the family finances deteriorate, the worse relations between husband and wife will be, and this often leads to beatings and fights. An old folksong goes like this: The concept of culture, and its articulation with macro-structural inputs such as economic factors, policy and enforcement, and alcohol availability, require more rigorous theorization. A study of male traffic crash victims admitted to a hospital in central Vietnam found that As these findings indicate, problematic levels of male drinking are widespread in urban and rural areas as well as in both the North and South of Vietnam.
Research on alcohol consumption, based primarily in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Western Europe, has developed numerous approaches to quantifying alcohol consumption and qualifying alcohol use patterns, but whether these tools and methods are appropriate or meaningful in other national contexts is frequently unknown. Currently, the lack of nationally institutionalized definitions and standards for measurement in alcohol research in Vietnam challenges attempts at comparison between populations or time periods. Though Kim Bao Giang et al. Awareness of alcohol as a social and public health problem is generally believed to be low in Vietnam; while middle-class and urban individuals may also be at risk for alcohol-related problems, alcohol abuse and dependency is typically conceived of as a problem mostly affecting rural or ethnic minority populations.
This perception surfaces in the ethnographic literature where Philip Taylor evokes the common cosmopolitan perception of the Mekong Delta. Lack of schooling led to credulous minds, few work opportunities and, with opportunities foreclosed, a resort to alcoholism. However, despite the highly commonly held perspective that rural populations are more likely to be abusive or dependent drinkers, no published study indicates whether urban and rural populations in Vietnam have different risk profiles for problematic alcohol use. Studies address alcohol use among Vietnamese adolescents and young adults c.
This is a particularly significant research area given the relative youth of the national population. A Do women want sex on here in viet tri high rate of alcohol use is reported in youth below age However, the literature on alcohol in Vietnam contains little analysis of the factors that influence alcohol initiation and the development of alcohol use patterns over the life course. These studies indicate the potential of interventions targeting peer groups at an early age. No study has compared the risks associated with alcohol consumption in different social contexts or physical places.
This development in drinking patterns has a gendered aspect: XYZ was a popular pickup point for businessmen and high-class taxi dancers out from the dance halls after twelve at night. Emphasizing the status consciousness of the newly wealthy and the entanglement of this awareness with alcohol, one of the male Vietnamese clients that Hoang interviewed also suggested how conspicuous consumption of alcohol helps domestic elites display economic power: In Paris, you know I could walk into a bar and drop over a thousand dollars and no one would notice. When I walk into a bar, the ten men at the door to greet me will walk me to my table.
When I spend five hundred dollars on a good bottle of Remy, people notice it. The same happens with girls. Drinking after driving is widely represented as an extremely common phenomenon in Vietnam, with contributing factors including the increasing motorization of society, lack of adequate public transportation in some areas, and a widespread failure to translate risk perceptions into safe practices Tran et al. Road traffic injury is a leading cause of death and disability in Vietnam Passmore and Nguyen, Official statistics attribute only 6. Key findings include high rates of elevated BAC in motorists and the influence of structural factors that neither discourage driving after drinking nor facilitate safe and situationally viable transportation alternatives.
A study of 26, road traffic injured patients at three hospitals revealed that In a case-crossover analysis including a sample of uninjured drivers, T. Nguyen found that The doctoral dissertation of Kim Bao Giang addresses both alcohol prevalence and mental distress in rural Vietnam, but does not draw conclusions regarding any association between these two types of risk. However, the finding of Thiem that the prevalence of alcohol-related psychoses increased substantially from the mids to the mids remains suggestive and in need of further investigation. SUMMARY As this review suggests, research on alcohol use in Vietnam in the past fifteen years reveals appreciating rates of per capita and national alcohol consumption, and indicates reason for concern regarding the current and future burden of alcohol-related harms, especially among men.
It seems apparent that inputs to these phenomena are to be found at diverse social scales, from the global and regional to the levels of the locality, the household, and the individual. Economic, regulatory, social, and commercial factors are importantly influential in the reshaping of national drinking habits; sociocultural factors also shape alcohol consumption behaviors. However, there is still a lack of baseline data and in-depth analysis regarding numerous aspects of alcohol consumption in Vietnamese society. Trends in alcohol use, drinking contexts, at-risk populations, and alcohol-associated harms should motivate next steps in alcohol research and policy-setting in Vietnam.
Ideally, future research will both seek to complete the knowledge base and put forward robust interdisciplinary analysis of the disparate issues that influence alcohol use trends. In the following sections, I make specific suggestions regarding potential directions for research on alcohol use in Vietnam. Community-based research on alcohol use could deliver deeper knowledge of the spaces, occasions, beverage types, and other factors that contribute to alcohol-associated harm; this knowledge could potentially inform preventive public health measures, interventions, and alcohol policy.
All studies reviewed emphasize that drinking is a pressing public health concern among men of diverse ages and backgrounds in Vietnam, with very low rates of consumption reported among women. At this writing, then, the study of drinking in Vietnam implies the study of male sociality, spaces, and health, and research with an explicit focus on gender dynamics and ideologies could advance understandings of male drinking. However, one study Giang et al. At present, given the extremely low levels of alcohol consumption recorded among women to date, men are therefore are more likely to be exposed to the immediate physical consequences of drinking, and women or other non-drinkers such as dependent children may be at risk for secondary alcohol-associated harms.
Have fun on your Vietnam backpacking adventure but please do get insurance — take it from someone who has racked up tens of thousands of bucks on an insurance claim before, you need it. Travelling without insurance would be fucking stupid. What to Pack for Vietnam On every adventure, there are five things I never go traveling without: Security Belt with Hidden Pocket: I never hit the road without my security belt. This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside — you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off.
This is hands down the best way to hide your cash. AR bottle are tough, lightweight and maintain the temperature of your beverage — so you can enjoy a cold red bull, or a hot coffee, no matter where you are. Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be. I would never travel without a headtorch. Even if you only end up using it once, a decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must. Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy chicks dig hammocks and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere.
For plenty more inspiration on what to pack, check out my full backpacking packing list. Look Awesome, Do Awesome! Want to embrace the hippy backpacker style and look? Active Roots hippy trousers are chic, comfortable and perfect for yogis, backpackers and adventurers alike. Help us support the elephant conservation centre in Laos! Pretty fucking awesome right? Best Time to Travel in Vietnam Vietnam is a country with multiple weather patterns ranging from monsoon rains, cold snaps and hot, humid sunny days. It can be hard to catch the whole country at a consistent time of year.
But no fret, it is possible! If you are planning to backpack Vietnam from top to bottom, the best time of year generally is September — December Autumn and March — April Spring. These times of the year are your best weather window, where you might be lucky enough to see the whole country in sun! Let me break down by regions, the best time of year for backpacking Vietnam; North Vietnam: Expect some colder temperatures in the mountains and from March onwards, a little more rain as it gets more humid. Temperatures will hit the upper 30s in June to August.
Locals trying to escape the rain! If not, you have some fantastic maths skills!
Assent of cooperation traffic drive after getting consumption in Ireland. Myanmar Sonar Press;.
A great way to keep track of how much your spending and understanding the exchange esx. Download the full map of the country before you go and use it offline while you backpack Vietnam. No data used and minimal amount of time getting lost means more time for fun stuff! This particular VPN allows for up to five connections which is handy for keeping all your devices connected without having to purchase multiple VPN packages.
Beautiful inside decor of a temple in Hanoi. Whether you are travelling the South East Asia loop and entering by land, coming down from China, or flying directly there, border crossings are relatively straight forward and the days of the tricky Vietnamese visa are now over. You can easily cross the border from Cambodia to Vietnam using local buses or, if you fancy travelling in style, there are VIP bus services available for flashpackers. Entry Requirements for Vietnam The visa situation in Vietnam has changed a lot in the last few years and it can be a little confusing. For UK citizens you can enter into Vietnam without a visa and travel for a maximum of 15 days. Which is great if you are paying Vietnam a quick visit, but if you want to stay any longer than this you will have to organise a visa before arrival.
Thankfully visas are relatively straightforward to organise before you travel to Vietnam. Just pay a visit, or call your local Vietnamese Embassy to apply and ask any questions. How to Travel in Vietnam Comfortable long distance transport and constantly improving road quality make travelling in Vietnam pretty smooth. Most backpackers choose to explore Vietnam via bus network. Rather than just rocking up at the bus stop in the hope they will have space to fit you on, you can now book tickets in advance for most of South East Asia using 12Go. Powered by 12Go Asia system views from the train carriage, pretty good.
A great way to get from one end of the country to the other fast and scenically.